• July 5, 2017 /  Architecture
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    SaaS or software as a service is an innovative system of using software that has a remarkable advantage over the traditional use of software. In this system, the entire software is present in a web browser. You pay a subscription fee and can use this software. e.

    In normal cases, you buy software with a lump sum and take out a license or ownership of it. Then you can use it for six months or a year. In this case, you will receive updates on the software only when the sales rep visits you in your office. Moreover, there is a time lag as you acquire the software and get it up and running.

    Unlike this system, the SaaS enjoys several advantages. You can start using the software as soon as you pay the subscription. It is remotely accessed. So, there is no time lag. Moreover, the subscriptions are often paid monthly. So, if you do not like the services of a provider, you can change it next month. Updates are also pushed frequently so that you remain at the cutting edge. As long as you are not working with intellectual property or other data of a sensitive nature, SaaS can be highly beneficial to you. These services are best suitable for platforms which use industry standard workflows. You can pay on monthly basis, though a few services are priced per transaction.

    Some of the important elements of the SaaS architecture are as follows:

    A user case model that portray a typical scenario. It showcases the back end data exchange.
    A conceptual architecture. It gives a long term prediction with an overall view of the various SaaS elements which are required for its implementation.
    Finally, reference architecture can greatly enhance the utility of the SaaS architecture. It often comes as a template architecture which can easily be applied to specific problems.

    One of the best software as a service platform is provided by IBM. You can try their private cloud for the best SaaS. This is an application where you can actually customize the cloud computing. The best in-class technology and security standards that are the hallmark of IBM are used for these private cloud applications. The SaaS architecture of IBM is efficient and functional and therefore suited to your needs.

    The private cloud architecture is such that it vastly improves utilization, economics, storage as well as network. It includes such diverse and advanced elements like virtualized storage where workloads are consolidated into a single system, the system z cloud solution where you can build your customized solution for the platform of your choice. The PureApplication system is another proprietary system of IBM that forms one of the elements of public cloud infrastructure. S Kirti is a web enthusiast and a writer. Kirti has afforded her articles and write-ups autonomously and through various online forums.

    Get more information on: saas architecture & public cloud infrastructure

  • July 2, 2017 /  Architecture
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    Architecture is an art and science that marries the building and design of structures. In some ways one can say that, along with engineering, it is the sign of civilization. Once man was able to settle down and fashion his own dwelling, even by primitive means, this was the start of the first civilizations.

    Originally, these structures were purely functional serving to keep people safe from bad weather and wild animals, and to give them privacy. But as modern construction procedures were developed, along with more advanced materials, architecture and engineering began to take a more artistic leaning.

    The earliest treatise on the subject, De Architectura, was written by Vitruvius, dates back to the 1st Century CE. In it, the Roman architect says that a building has to have form, function, and durability. To this day, most architects still conform to those three tenets. It is probably even safe to say that some are more successful at adhering to those dogmas than others.

    A few examples of these people are Frank Lloyd Wright, a major proponent of organic architecture who is often touted to be the greatest American architect of all time (famous for the house called Fallingwater and for the Guggenheim Museum in New York City); I.M. Pei, a master of modern architecture who created the pyramid at the Louvre and the Bank of China Tower in Hong Kong; Frank Gehry, who designed the Dancing House in Prague; and the landscape architect and artist, Isamu Noguchi, among many others.

    If these names sound familiar to you, it’s probably because their works are admired the world for being beautiful while being both functional and enduring. You’re likely to see their buildings mentioned in architectural texts, art books and even featured in architecture postcard designs. These, by the way, are not only proof of how respected the geniuses mentioned above are but, also function as a way to market their work. Like a portfolio, one might say.

    In fact, some people in the business might publish high quality books that double as coffee table books and company profiles. Or, perhaps, they might have architecture postcard designs and construction postcard designs printed on elegant cards to send to potential clients. Others still, might support these efforts with their own websites.

  • June 28, 2017 /  Architecture
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    Agra, which is located on the banks of the holy Yamuna River in the state of Uttar Pradesh, is world-famous for the majestic Taj Mahal. The city served as a prominent seat of the Mughal Empire for a long period and was the capital of Hindustan during that time. It lies at a distance of about 200 km from the national capital – New Delhi and easily accessible by road, rail and air transport from different parts of the country. The city has an extreme climate in winters and summers, with moderate temperatures in the rest seasons. October to March is considered as the ideal time to visit this historical city. If you wish to witness the grandeur of Taj Mahal and other prominent attractions of this place, such as Agra Fort, Jama Masjid, Moti Masjid, Fatehpur Sikri and Guru Ka Tal, then go for an Agra tour that can be availed from various travel agencies and travel portals.

    Guru Ka Tal – History and Architecture

    Originally, this reservoir was constructed in the year 1610, during the reign of Emperor Jahangir beside the tomb of Itibar Khan Khwajasara, to collect and preserve rainwater. The walls and embankments of this water reservoir have been made of rubble masonry and brick. It has a square design, with a long and wide ramp paved with stone slabs (khurra) and upright bricks, and stepped ghat. The walls of this structure feature four double-storied towers having an octagonal design. The top storey of these towers boasts of Mughal architecture, with an octagonal spire with brackets and pillars. The material that was used for constructing the ghat was red sandstone while the spire had been decorated with dazzling tiles. Constructed on a four feet high platform, this reservoir features four chhatris on its four corners with 16 pillars, with carved brackets and capitals. The corner domes of this place have a spherical design while the one on the sides have an oblong design.

    At the time it was built, this reservoir had 12 towers, but today only eight can be seen. It had effective inlets of northern and western parts of the tank; a canal used for channelling excessive water in to the river and a dam on its south-eastern side. The water collected in this reservoir was used during dry seasons for irrigation. The terrace on the top floor is accessible through a wide red sandstone stairway, located on the southern side.

    If you wish to witness Taj Mahal and other important attractions of Agra, then choose for those tour packages that include trips to all these important places. As this city offers a lot of see and to do, it gives the ideal opportunity to experience the best of India holidays.

  • June 17, 2017 /  Architecture
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    J2ME or also know as Java ME is a platform that is specifically designed for application development to run on mobile phones, PDAs and other embedded systems. J2ME development features an adaptable user interface, which integrates with network protocols and extends support for mobile application development. The mobile applications that are developed on J2ME can be also migrated across various different mobile devices. J2ME application developers create a variety of different mobile applications based on the customized requirements of the clients. They are experience in creating diverse mobile solutions and hence most clients prefer to outsource their mobile business applications to India.

    J2ME Architecture and configuration
    J2ME comprises of configurations and profiles that allow a developer to customize it for the Java Runtime Environment (JRE). The configuration defines the JVM used and the profile adds domain-specific classes to define the application.

    Configurations: The configuration uses a set of core classes and a specific JVM to define the basic run-time environment. The configurations are of two types where one is called CLDC for handheld devices and the second one is CDC for plug-in devices. CLDC is has been developed for 16-bit or 32-bit small computing devices that have limited memory. CDC requires a 32-bit architecture and has at least 2 MB of memory and implements a functional JVM.

    Profiles: A profile comprises of classes that allow J2ME application developers to execute features that are typically available on a group of small computing devices. The profiles used with CLDC are mobile information device profile (MIDP) and PDA profile (PDAP). The profiles used with CDC include Foundation Profile, Game Profile, Personal Profile, Personal Basis Profile and RMI Profile.

    J2ME Architecture
    The J2ME architecture consists of five layers and they are as follows:

    MIDP: This is the topmost layer and consists of Java APIs. J2ME application developers use these APIs to create network connections, storage, and user interface. It also provides access to CLDC libraries and MIDP libraries.
    J2ME APIs: This is the profile that comprises of a minimum set of application programming interfaces required for the small computing devices.
    Configurations: This is responsible to manage the interactions between the JVM and the profile.
    JVM
    Operating System: This is the bottom layer.

  • May 23, 2017 /  Architecture
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    By Team IAnD Photography: Courtesy WAF’13

    October 2 -4 2013 saw three busy days of ideation, discussion and critiques on global architecture and design at the World Architecture Festival held at Moshe Safdie designed Marina Bay Sands, Singapore – a venue as awe inspiring as the projects that unfolded within its festive panorama-

    The World Architecture Festival opened to enormous numbers (reportedly the biggest yet) with the theme of 2013 bring -Value and values’, -to examine the relationship between perceptions of financial value and the values that architects typically hold about their work.-

    Director of WAF’13, Paul Finch commenting on the sheer quality and diversity of the projects entered into the festival, and shortlisted for the final round of awards, said that the array of projects demonstrated the increasingly global nature of the event.

    Among various stalwarts from various quarters of the world, Mumbai’s Ar. Sanjay Puri’s corporate project in Jaipur -72 Screens’, was also shortlisted for the awards.

    A vibrant, thought-provoking three-day session of presentations of various projects by the architects, seminars and talks on diverse issues that touch and plague the building industry were discussed and debated. Noted international speakers, project critiques and appreciations apart, everyone waited with baited breath as the ultimate honour – the winner of the World Building of the Year 2013 award was announced and granted to the Aukland Art Gallery Toi o Tamaki in New Zealand by Frances-Jones Morehen Thorp and Archimedia.

    The four main award winners including World Building of the Year Award were Botanical Garden Australia designed by landscape studio Taylor Cullity Lethlean and plant expert Paul Thompson for Landscape of the Year; National Maritime Museum of China designed by Cox Rayner Architects for Future Project of the Year; and Barcelona Apartment by David Kohn Architects for World Interior of the Year.

    As part of INSIDE: World Festival of Interiors, an event held in conjunction with the WAF’13 with a concentration on interior projects, shortlisted 59 outstanding interior projects across the 12 award categories, Bars and Restaurants, Creative Re-use, Culture, Display, Education, Health, Hotels, Offices, Residential, Shopping Centres, Shops, and Transport. For the complete list of awardees, do check out:

    to view images click on globalhop.indiaartndesign.com

  • May 8, 2017 /  Architecture
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    A profound understanding of management courses with that of architecture course is essential for bringing forth the best of architecture into the business line. While for the most part, architecture is a blend of science and art, business pertains to bringing this art to the line where its creativity is admired and kept to its highest terms. The difference between potentially good trades as opposed to a fallacious trade-off can only be brought through appropriate management courses. It would be a good practice for an architect to opt for mba courses in order to gain the maximum from their respective architecture course.

    Not only does professional mba courses is responsible for helping an architecture major to develop the necessary trading skills but it also helps in giving the person a better gist about the skills that are essential to turn the architecture course into a prominent business venture. MBA coaching classes are often beaming with the necessary skills that could turn a graduate from an architecture college into a prominent business magnate. Most of the courses include detailed analysis of the contemporary practices in the architecture as well as the management industry to bring forth the best of both the fields into one.

    A typical business school offering management courses for architecture would include subjects that talk about management behaviour and processes pertaining to it. Furthermore, the course would include managerial economics, as well as the basics relevant to accounting to help architects discover the business potential that architecture has in the current times- things that an architecture college would miss out on. The papers also include managerial communication, the key to impress clientele and increasing the business ventures for the company. Furthermore, the management courses also deal with the business laws and ethics that make a business stand out from the others. It should be understood that architecture is all about the elements of designing, which is why the mba courses pertain to the space planning, as well as project management in order to bring forth the best results for the clientele.

    Management would vary as per the real estate projects that come by. For instance, a housing project would require a different management approach as opposed to that of commercial projects. Management courses make sure that every aspect of architecture course is dealt with the elements of management. The integration of management along with architecture comes with equal opportunities to turn ones luck. Architects would require effective mba coaching classes in order to open themselves to the rules of management to carve out a specific place in architecture- a varied and yet a complementary association.

  • May 4, 2017 /  Architecture
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    The term Victorian architecture refers to a number of styles of architecture, which was primarily used during the Victorian period. These architectural styles were quite popular during the period of mid 1837 to the beginning of 1901. This period marked the rule of Queen Victoria and was named after her.

    The Victorian era of architecture, was marked by a number of styles, such as Renaissance Revival, Neo-Grec, British Arts and Crafts movement, Italianate, Gothic Revival, Jacobethan, Neoclassicism, Industrial architecture, Painted ladies, Queen Anne, Stick-Eastlake, Romanesque Revival, as well as Second Empire.

    There have also been Folk as well as Shingle Style Victorian Houses. As it is, the names of the architectural styles, apart from their adaptations had varied between the countries. Several homes merged the elements of various styles and therefore are not easily discernible as one particular style. In the United States, highly decorated houses have often been addressed to as gingerbread houses.

    Some of the most prominent Victorian era cities include Richmond, London, Toronto, Boston, St. Louis, Louisville, Saint Paul, Galena, Nelson, Sydney, Melbourne, IL, Galveston, Chicago, Detroit, San Francisco, Glasgow, Kolkata, Mumbai, Pittsburgh, Manchester, Philadelphia, Grand Rapids, as well as New Orleans.

    In the United States, the South End of the city of Boston has been recognized as the oldest, as well as the largest Victorian neighborhood of the country. Old Louisville in Kentucky is also believed to be one of the largest Victorian neighborhood of America.

    Apart from that, Richmond, Virginia is also home to a number of large Victorian neighborhoods, with the Fan and Church Hill, being the most prominent. Church Hill enjoys the distinction of being a place where Patrick Henry had given his famous speech at the historic Saint John’s church.

    The Distillery District of Toronto is home to the largest as well as the best preserved collection of industrial architecture of the Victorian-era in North America. Apart from that, Cabbage town has been the largest as well as the most continuous Victorian style residential area of North America. The other Victorian neighborhoods of Toronto include Annex, Corktown, Park dale, as well as Rosedale.

    The Old West End neighborhood in Toledo, Ohio has been recognized as the one having the biggest collection of the late Victorian as well as Edwardian architectural homes of the United States. Carroll Avenue of Los Angeles contains the city’s highest concentration of homes of Victorian style.

    There is something really fascinating about the Victorian era and almost everything related to this period, continues to fascinate us to this date, especially Victorian architecture.

  • April 28, 2017 /  Architecture
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    Traditional clock generators use a simple integer-N phased-locked loop (PLL)-based architecture. The output clock frequency is a function of the input clock frequency and the PLL divider values as shown in the equation
    Equation: fOUT = fIN.N/P.R
    Traditional single PLL-based IC solutions are suitable for simple integer clock multiplication of reference inputs or clock generation from crystal inputs. However, many applications require clock generation of multiple non-integer-related frequencies (e.g., 125 MHz Ethernet and 106.25llMHz Fibre Channel). Traditional solutions require that the crystal frequency be changed to support each unique frequency plan. This forces the designer to use one or more custom crystals and multiple clock generator ICs to generate the required set of frequencies, increasing the cost, complexity and power consumption of the overall solution.

    New Any-Rate Clock Multiplier Architecture Simplifies Design
    Recent advances in mixed-signal analog design have made it possible to provide any-rate frequency synthesis from a single device. Silicon Labs newest clock architecture leverages a fractional-N PLL used in concert with a low-jitter fractional divider termed MultiSynth to produce any-rate frequency synthesis on multiple output clocks. The flagship of this new product family is the Si5338 Any-Rate, Any-Output Quad Clock Generator. This technology dramatically simplifies timing architectures by integrating the frequency synthesis capability of four PLLs in a single device, greatly reducing size and power requirements compared to traditional solutions.

    MultiSynth Technology
    The Si5338s low phase noise, high-frequency VCO supplies a high-frequency output clock to the MultiSynth block on each of the four independent output paths. The first stage of the MultiSynth architecture is a fractional-N divider, which switches seamlessly between the two closest integer divider values to produce the exact output clock frequency with 0 ppm error. To eliminate phase error generated by this process, the MultiSynth calculates the relative phase difference between the clock produced by the fractional-N divider and the desired output clock and dynamically adjusts the phase to match the ideal clock waveform. This novel approach makes it possible to generate any output clock frequency without sacrificing jitter performance. Based on this architecture, each output clock can be individually programmed to generate any frequency from 0.16 to 350 MHz, and select frequencies to 700 MHz. Typical jitter performance enabled by this MultiSynth-based architecture is 1 ps RMS.

  • April 10, 2017 /  Architecture
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    Sustainability means managing the resources well without damaging the environment now or in the future. In other words sustainability also refers to ensure that our decisions today may not harm the future opportunities for future generations. Now, have you ever thought that what a sustainable architect does in terms of product, process or buildingdesign?Sustainable architecture is a term that describes environmental friendly design methods in the field of architecture.

    A client can believe on sustainability but the proof and evidence can help the client to better understand the concept of sustainability. Architect Brighton offers sustainable modern architecture, design and master planning service in order to meet the needs of their clients. Their goal is to create -green’ architecture which is magnificent in terms of design, keeping in mind the sustainable lifestyle and culture. Sustainable architect is not an individualist approach rather it’s a holistic approach. These architectsare more concerned about the reuseand recycling of the natural resources that are input to a building. A well designed building will have number of issues like water and energy utilization, proper use of materials and much more. Architects can deal with the ecological aspects of constructing these buildings. These aspects are designed to increase the efficiency without being detracting from the function of the building.

    Sustainable architect focuses on designing a unique set of strategies to construct or develop a building intelligently. The architects minimize the use of nonrenewable resources in the development and function of buildings. These architects must consider the material flow in the building ecosystem. Few of these have been mentioned below:

    Building materials and used materials Energy usage and combustion by products Water usage and Graywater sewage Consumer goods and recyclable materials Solar radiation and wasted heat Wind and polluted air Rain and groundwater

    Before constructing a building, Architect Brighton keeps in mind three important strategies i.e. energy conservation, water conservation and material conservation. Apart from this, an architect should put certain efforts to reduce the impact of a building on its local environment (e.g., current terrain, plants, wildlife).In order to attain sustainability, Sustainable architect must be well educated and professionally trained about the various environmental issues. They must be well aware of the methods and techniques of developing a sustainable design building with economical use of natural resources. If the growth would concentrate on creating the best with what already prevails, re-using or adjusting current components and communities, certainly the outcomes would be remarkable.

  • April 9, 2017 /  Architecture
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    D printing technology is used to manufacture prototypes, tools, and end-user parts directly from a CAD design. This printing technology offers unprecedented flexibility as it can create a part of any dimension out of any material. Some of the 3d printing materials used include metals, polymers, ceramics, composites, and many more. The 3D printing technology has complete control over material composition, surface texture, and micro-structure of the prototype. 3D printing technology also allows the user to construct prototypes using two different materials. >

    Lets take a look at this amazing technology and how it has affected the field of architecture and medicine:

    3D printing for Architecture

    Architects know that there is nothing like a physical model of a building when it comes to displaying their work or design concept. Physical models also play an important role when it comes to explaining and convincing the customer while selling a project.

    3D printers are affordable and high quality solutions for architects. Building a physical model requires great deal of expertise, precision, and time. 3D printing machines help designers focus on their building design, while the devices make 3D models of the project.

    Many architects are not tech-savvy and are not used to operating complex devices. 3D printers do not require human intervention at any stage of the printing process. Architects just need to need to draw a CAD diagram of the project and instruct the 3D printer to build a 3D model. The 3D printer can print the model within a few hours, which can then be presented to the client.

    3D printers are capable of producing of 3D models with accuracy and speed without compromising on the finer details of the architectural project. The price of desktop 3D printing machines is not that high and independent architects can also afford them.

    3D printing for Medicine

    The application of 3D printing technology can also be found in the production of medical devices. There are different 3D printing materials available that can be used to build real parts. For example, manufacturing hearing aids is a complex process because they are custom-fit devices and cannot be mass produced. 3D printing greatly helps in such matters where medical devices need to custom-fit a patient.

    The future of the 3D printing technology is very bright. Market experts state that 3D printing technology will be affordable to the masses by the next decade. The prices of 3D printing devices are falling rapidly, and it is believed that the prices of 3D printers will drop by as much as 80% in the next 5-10 years. It will not be a surprise to see 3D printing devices in each household just like refrigerators, washing machines, and televisions.